Posts tagged ‘dramatic work’


Copyright is a right given by the law to creators of literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works and producers of cinematograph films and sound recordings. The term copy right means the exclusive rights to reproduce the work, to issue the copies of the work to public, to perform the work in public, to do a cinematograph film or sound recording in respect of the film etc.

Indian Copy Right Act 1957 and Copy right rules 1958, consolidates the law of copy right in India. There is an office established for the purpose of the copy right, called the Copy Right Office. The same is under the control of Registrar of Copy rights.

There is a board called Copy Right Board of which the secretary shall be the Registrar of Copy right. The copy right board has several benches.

As per the Indian Copy Right Act 1957, the following classes of works can have copy right:
a) Original literary, dramatic, musical and artistic work.
b) Cinematograph films.
c) Sound recordings

There shall be no copy right for a design which is registered under Design Act 1911. Unlike the case with patents, copyright protects the expressions and not the ideas. There is no copyright in an idea.

Artistic work means-
(i) a painting, a sculpture, a drawing (including a diagram, map, chart or plan), an engraving or a photograph, whether or not any such work possesses artistic quality;
(ii) Work of architecture; and (iii) any other work of artistic craftsmanship;

Cinematograph film means any work of visual recording on any medium produced through a process from which a moving image may be produced by any means and includes a sound recording accompanying such visual recording and “cinematograph” shall be construed as including any work produced by any process analogous to cinematography including video films.

Computer programme means a set of instructions expressed in words, codes, schemes or in any other form, including a machine readable medium, capable of causing a computer to perform a particular task or achieve a particular result.

Dramatic work includes any piece for recitation, choreographic work or entertainment in dumb show, the scenic arrangement or acting form of which is fixed in writing or otherwise but does not include a cinematograph film.

Literary work includes computer programmes, tables and compilations including computer literary data bases.

Musical work means a work consisting of music and includes any graphical notation of such work but does not include any words or any action intended to be sung, spoken or performed with the music.

Sound recording means a recording of sounds from which such sounds may be produced regardless of the medium on which such recording is made or the method by which the sounds are produced.

Copy Right Societies:
The Act also provides for registration of copy right societies for the purpose of carrying on the business of issuing or granting license in respect of any work in which copy right subsist. The powers of copy right societies may include:-
a. To accept from an owner of copy right authorisation to administer any right in any work by issue of licence or collection of licence fees.
b. The copy right society may issue licences in respect of any rights under the Act.
Every copy right society shall be subject to the collective control of the owners of rights under the Act.