In recent years many financial establishments not covered by the RBI Act 1934, have cropped up in various parts of India and especially Karnataka. Many of them received deposits from the public on the promise of high rates of interest and easy gains. Most of them have defaulted to return the deposits on maturity and thus cheated the public. Against this background the state of Karnataka enacted this piece of legislation.As per this act the government or the district Magistrate are empowered to attach properties of financial establishments on default of return of deposits. The district magistrate suo moto or on receipt of any complaint may cause investigation on fraudulent transaction done by a financial establishment.

The government may attach money or property acquired by a financial establishment or personnel assets of the promoters, partners, directors, managers etc of the said financial establishment if the government is satisfied that
a. the financial establishment has failed to return the deposit after maturity or on demand by depositors or pay interest or other assured benefits or
c. if the government is satisfied that such financial establishment is not likely to return deposits or to pay interest to the depositors.

After the attachment, such properties shall vest in the competent authority appointed by the government, who shall be an officer not below the rank of an assistant commissioner, pending further order from the special court. The competent authority shall within 30 days from the date of receipt of order apply to the special court for further order of attachment to make it absolute. The competent authority has vast powers in dealing with the assets under its custody.The Competent authority can even sell the movable and immovable properties of the Financial Establishment by Public auction or with the prior approval of the Special Court by private arrangements. Within 30 days from the date of its appointment, the Competent Authority shall assess the deposit liabilities and assets of the Financial Establishment and submit a report thereof to the special Court. It shall also issue notice to secured creditors and depositors to submit their claims with proper proof. The secured creditors and depositors shall submit their claim before the Competent Authority within 30 days from the date of notice. The Competent Authority shall thereafter make an application to the Special Court seeking permission to make payments to the depositors from out of the money realized.

If any Financial establishment fraudulently defaults any repayment of deposit on maturity along with any benefit, or fails to render service assured, every person responsible for the management of the business of such Financial establishment, shall on conviction be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 6 years and with fine which may extend to one lakh of rupees and such Financial Establishment is also liable for a fine.For the purposes of this Act, the government may constitute one or more special courts. The Special court has vast powers regarding realization of assets and payment to the depositors. The acts of the competent authority are supervised and guided by the Special court. The special court has the powers to attach property malafidely transferred by the Financial Establishment.Any person, including the competent authority, if aggrieved by an order of the Special court may appeal to the high court within 30 days form the date of the order.