Posts tagged ‘dower’


1. If the marriage was consummated, the wife may marry another husband after the completion of iddat. If the marriage was not consummated she can marry immediately. If the marriage was consummated and if the husband had up to 4 wives at the time of divorce (including the divorced wife) he may marry another wife after the completion of iddat of the divorced wife.

2. If the marriage was consummated the wife is entitled to immediate payment of the whole of the unpaid Dower. If the marriage was not consummated and the amount of Dower is specified then she is entitled to half of the amount. If the marriage was consummated and no amount is specified she is only entitled to 3 articles of dress. If marriage is dissolved upon the apostasy of the wife she is entitled to the whole of dower if consummation has taken place.

3. When the divorce becomes irrevocable, mutual rights of the inheritance comes to an end. If the divorce was pronounced during the death illness, the wife’s right to inheritance continues to the expiry of her iddat.

4. After the divorce has become irrevocable, if the divorced couple engages in sexual intercourse the same is unlawful. Children as a result of such intercourse are illegitimate.

5. The parties are generally permitted to remarry after the divorce.


1. Dower is also known as Mahr. It is money or property which a Muslim wife is entitled from the husband in consideration of marriage. A husband can settle any amount he likes by way of dower upon his wife. The amount of dower may be fixed either before the marriage or at the time of marriage or after the marriage. The Dower amount can be increased after marriage. A contract of Dower made by a father on behalf of the minor son is binding on the son.

2. If the amount of Dower is not fixed, the wife is entitled to what is known as Proper Dower. The wife is entitled to Proper Dower even if the marriage was performed with a condition that she should not claim any Dower. The Proper Dower is fixed taking into consideration the amount of Dower settled upon other female members of wife’s family.

3. The Dower becomes confirmed under the following situations:
a. By consummation of marriage.
b. By valid retirement.
c. By the death of husband/wife.

4. The Dower which is payable on demand is known as ‘Prompt Dower’. The Dower which is payable on dissolution of marriage by death or divorce is known as ‘Deferred Dower’

5. The wife may remit the Dower or any part thereof in favour of the husband or his heirs even without consideration. If the Dower is not paid the wife or her heirs can file a suit to claim the same. The Muslim wife may refuse to live with her husband and admit him to sexual intercourse so long as the Prompt Dower is not paid.

6. The heirs of a deceased Mohamadean are liable for Dower debt of the deceased, proportionate to their share in the estate of the deceased. The Dower is a debt, at the same time it is an unsecured debt. The wife is not entitled for a charge on the husband’s property though such a charge may be created by an agreement.

7. A widow who has lawfully obtained possession of the property of her late husband has the right to retain that possession until her Dower is paid. The right to hold possession does not give the widow any title to the property. But if she is disposed she can sue for recovery of Possession. The right to retain the physical possession of the property does not arise to the Muslim wife during the continuation of marriage; it arises only on the dissolution of marriage either by death or divorce. A Muslim widow who retains possession of her husband’s property under a Dower claim has no right to alienate the property by sale, mortgage etc. If she alienates the property, the alienation is valid only to the extent of her share. It does not affect the share of other heirs.